Definite descriptions in turn, according to russell's famous theory of descriptions, function not as referring expressions but as quantificational phrases we should not be misled by russell's characterization of them denoting phrases, because for russell denotation is a semantically inert property. Bertrand russell, “existence and description” §1 general propositions and existence “now when you come to ask what really is asserted in a general proposition, such as ‘all greeks are men’ for instance, you find that what is asserted is the truth of all values of what i call a propositional function. The theory of descriptions is the philosopher bertrand russell's most significant contribution to the philosophy of language it is also known as russell's theory of descriptions (commonly abbreviated as rtd) in short, russell argued that the syntactic form of descriptions. A natural rst thought in the construction of a theory of denoting phrases is that they work in much the same way as names like ‘bob’ both inde nite descriptions (which.
In the philosophy of language, the descriptivist theory of proper names (also descriptivist theory of reference) is the view that the meaning or semantic content of a proper name is identical to the descriptions associated with it by speakers, while their referents are determined to be the objects that satisfy these descriptions. Russell's and frege's definition of number page 1 of 2 1 2 next mar 8, 2005 #1 i prefer cantors contributions to the founding of the theory of transfinite numbers to russells work, thats all last is wrong and absurd in language, definitions are descriptions of common use, and can't be more than that last edited: feb 2, 2011. Russell's paradox stems from the ability of naive set theory to construct the set of all sets that don't contain themselves this is a special case of a more general ability to construct the set of all sets that satisfy some property.
Theory of knowledge for the encyclopaedia britannica) theory of knowledge is a product of doubt when we have asked ourselves seriously whether we really know anything at all, we are naturally led into an examination of knowing, in the hope of being able to distinguish trustworthy beliefs from such as are untrustworthy. Demolish russell’s theory of definite descriptions and the main reason for this is the former’s failure to adopt the more/most charitable interpretation of the latter’s theory. Abstract: on denoting and russell's on sense and reference, have been reviewed, commented upon and critiqued by numerous scholars within the respective fieldin an attempt to solve the problems created by the denotation of phrases, russell devises the theory of descriptions the theory accounts for the existence of such phrases and their significance. Russell's solution to the difficulty was a theory of types, according to which classes are arrayed hierarchically: although each class may have as members classes of lower orders, no class can contain any class of its own order (including itself.
Extra resources for the theory of descriptions: russell and the philosophy of language (history of analytic philosophy) sample text thus, as salmon (2009) puts it in his recent discussion of kripke’s objection, ‘in that case, the description, “the size i thought your yacht was” is improper. Then, russell developed his theory of descriptions, which solved many of the denotation difficulties presented by his extreme view with his theory of description russell recognized that most names contained hidden definite descriptions, which enable russell to adopt a moderate realism. In addition, kripke (1977), while defending russell’s theory of description against the problem of misdescription, allows that the argument from incomplete descriptions might be enough of a problem to force us to accept referential interpretations of descriptions. Russell’s theory of definite descriptions contains a significant insight in that russell’s view that what appears to be referential propositions are in fact quantificational is correct russell's theory of definite descriptions russell propounds two theses, one about names and the other about definite descriptions. Knowledge by description bertrand russell russell, bertrand (1917) knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description proceedings of the aristotelian society, 1910-1911 reprinted in his his mysticism and logic question in relation to theory of knowledge as well as in relation to.
Its revolutionary ideas include russell's paradox, a problem which inspired ludwig wittgenstein to pursue philosophy russell's most significant and famous idea, the theory of descriptions, had. A key to understanding russell’s theory of denoting phrases is the distinction between propositions, on the one hand, and propositional functions, on the other: “a ‘propositional function,’ in fact, is an expression containing one or more. Professor kevin klement's web page online editions i think it is a good idea for academics to produce high-quality editions of important public-domain works, which are often available only in much lower quality than books not in the public domain. Unformatted text preview: (ruth marcus, saul kripke) objections to russell's theory of descriptions uniqueness uniqueness „the f is g‟ does not require for its truth that there be at most one f.
Russell’s theory of definite descriptions russell’s philosophical method has at its core the making and testing of hypotheses through the weighing of evidence hence russell’s comment that he wished to emphasize the “scientific method” in philosophy maclean, gülberk koç, 2014, bertrand russell’s bundle theory of particulars. Criticism of russel’s theory of descriptions there are plenty of issues with this theory: to name a few, it takes a literalist approach to language it defines existence in a remarkably arbitrary fashion, which excludes things that do exist and it commits its self to platonic realism by supposing that words have reference. Russell expounded his theory of descriptions in a number of places, but perhaps the best known source is his 1905 article, “on denoting”  i think it may still be fruitful to discuss the doctrine of that article since some readers may disagree as to its main point these keywords were added. Universals figure in russell’s ontology, in his so-called bundle theory, which explains thing as bundles of co-existing properties, rejecting the notion of a substance as an unknowable ‘this’ distinct from and underlying its properties.